1758 - 1810
Portrait of John Hoppner

Oil on canvas
Image size: 18 1/2 x 21 1/2 inches (47 x 55 cm)
Original gilt Carlotta frame


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This wonderful painting is after John Hoppner’s own self-portrait that was painted in 1800, when the artist was just forty-two. Hoppner chose to present himself in a lavish red high-necked coat with the collar of a white shirt being just visible underneath. He looks out at the viewer with a direct and focused gaze.


John Hoppner

Nominally the son of a German doctor and a Lady in Waiting to the Princess of Wales, John Hoppner was dogged by rumours that he was the illegitimate son of the future King George III. No strong evidence has ever been discovered to support the allegation, but it is true that in his education and early career Hoppner benefited from a considerable degree of royal sponsorship. He was brought up as a child of the Chapel Royal, tutored in the Royal Library where King George paid great attention to his progress and finally presented with an allowance from the royal purse in order that he might establish himself as a painter.

His early success justified these attentions, and he won a Gold Medal at the Royal Academy Schools in 1782, exhibiting frequently from 1780 until the year before his death. In 1789 he was appointed painter to the Prince of Wales, many of whose circle he painted.

His early works display a great debt to the later portraits of Reynolds, but he soon developed an individual style that is distinguished by bravura and vivacity, combined with a strong feeling of character. From the 1790s he was also the only serious rival to the young Lawrence and with him was responsible for painting the finest Romantic portraits of the Regency period. These works (of which the present portrait is a fine example) show a deliberate move away from the classicism of Reynolds, towards a more emotionally engaging yet naturalistic image.