Also known as Bonnie Prince Charlie, Charles Edward Stuart was the last Stuart claimant to the British throne
and the leader of the unsuccessful Jacobite rebellion of 1745-46.
Following in his father’s footsteps, Charles landed with a tiny force of about a dozen men on the west coast of Scotland in July 1745 and raised the Highlands in revolt.
In September he entered Edinburgh with his army. He then defeated the British army at Prestonpans and then, in early November, he crossed the English border and headed towards London.
Charles advanced as far as Derby before his officers, discouraged by lack of French and English support and frightened by the prospect of facing thirty thousand government troops, forced him to retreat back to Scotland. His troops melted away, and on April 16, 1746, William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland, decisively defeated him at Culloden Moor.